The Journal of Pan African Studies
works to become a beacon of light in the sphere of African world community studies and research, grounded in a trans-disciplinary open access scholarly peer-reviewed construct, simultaneously cognizant of the multilingualism of our audience, and the importance of universal access in cyberspace; regardless of geography, economic, social or cultural diversity.  

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Volume 2 • Number 9 • 2009

Articulating Culture and Consciousness
by Itibari M. Zulu
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Melvin Agunbiade Ojo
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A profile of JPAS subscriber Agunbiade Ojo Melvin, a lecturer in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at Obafemi Awolowo University in Ile-Ife, Nigeria.

The Case for a Belizean Pan-Africanism
by Kurt B. Young
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The objective of this paper is to introduce Belize as one of the neglected, yet prolific fronts in the Pan-African phenomenon. Therefore, the essay utilizes a Pan-African nationalist theoretical framework to capture the place of Belize in the African Diaspora, with an emphasis on identifying elements of Pan-Africanism based on a redefinition of the concept.

African Peace Education: An Initiative for a Nonviolence Curriculum
by Agrippa O. Ezozo
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This paper critiques problems resulting from military and social conflict in five African nations, and thus offers ways to understand this conflict in an attempt to introduce new longitudinal and durable ideas for peace in contemporary Africa by suggesting that a mandatory peace curriculum be implemented to educate the future leaders of Africa.

African Foreign Policy: A Question of Methodology
by Serie McDougal, III
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This article advances a methodology for a united African foreign policy applied to two of Africa's most urgent foreign policy challenges, the U.S. establishment of the African Command, and the rapidly growing economic and political engagement with the People's Republic of China.

Interest in Mass Media Reports and Orientation to Africa and the USA
by Humphrey A. Regis
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This study used mass communication variables to compare Africa and the United States as reference groups in the music culture of Trinidad. The results point to the importance of cultural domination, and to the need for the study of the heritage and relevance of the World African Community to Trinidad in the age of "globalization" and "globalism."

Africa's Development in the Era of Barack Obama: The Role of the African Union
by Amadu Jacky Kaba
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This paper argues that the sooner members of the AU give a significant portion of their sovereignty the organization, the better equipped it will be to create a better life for the people of the continent, and thus it recommends eight strategic goals for the AU could implement.

Stand Up and Speak Out: The Need for Everyday Heroes
by President Barack H. Obama
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An insightful speech delivered in 2005 by now U.S. President Baraka H. Obama at the NAACP Fight for Freedom Fund Dinner in Detroit, Michigan on the Civil Rights Movement being championed by everyday women and men who stood up and spoke out for what they believe was right.

Eurocentrism and the Separability-Inseparability Debate: Challenges from African Cultural Jurisprudence
by Idowu William
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In transcending myopic understandings of the African contribution to the history of ideas, this paper takes issue with the controversy between naturalists and positivists via the relationship between law and morality next to African legal theory, utilizing three African cultures as examples of the strength of African jurisprudence.

Indigeneship and Citizenship in Nigeria: Myth and Reality
by Abimbola O Adesoji and Akin Alao
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The contention of this paper is that the dividing line between indigenes and settlers is very thin, and that in the context of modern Nigeria, the issue of citizenship needs to be strengthened which involves going beyond mere constitutional provisions to enforcement and through the strengthening of statutory provisions.

Human Personality and the Yoruba Worldview: An Ethico-Sociological Interpretation
by Fayemi, Ademola Kazeem
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This paper provides an ethico-sociological analysis and interpretation of the idea of human personality in the Yoruba worldview, and suggest that the concepts of Omoluwabi (good person) and communitarianism in relationship to personhood are definitive in understanding what constitutes human personality in Yoruba culture.

'Down But Not Out': Critical Insights in Traditional Shona Metaphysics
by Advice Viriri and Pascah Mungwini
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Suggesting a corrective to the Western gaze of modern medicine and science, this paper works to show the beauty of African indigenous science, medicine and worship, and thus review how the Shona perceive metaphysics.

Shona Ethnoaesthetics: Beauty and the Shona Proverb
by Kudzai Matereke and Jacob Mapara
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An examination of how traditional Shona society conceptualized beauty, drawing from the meaning and content of the Shona proverb, suggesting that traditional society emphasized beauty as a holistic enterprise which includes moral uprightness and humility.

Versions of Home in Mutasa's Novel Nyambo DzeJoni: Unlocking the Message and the Messenger
by Itai Muhwati and Gift Mheta
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This paper critically analyses Mutasa's vision of home(s) in Nyambo DzeJoni (2000) for its Diaspora aspects and engagement in a novelistic Shona discourse by blending the narrative and the epistolary form.

Fiction in the Era of Globalization: Challenges and Implications for Educational Reform in Nigeria
by Jamiu Adekunle Olowonmi, Abiodun Adewale Olayiwola, and Michael Olukayode Falade
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Realizing that the pulse and heartbeat of world social, cultural, economic and political relations have been greatly shaped by oral and written literature, this paper explores some of the possibilities fiction may allow through the harmonious integration of people and modernity.

Changing Borders and Creating Voices: Silence as Character in Chimamanda Adichie's Purple Hibiscus
by Ogaga Okuyade
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This discourse explores the growth process of protagonist Kambili as she struggles to make her mouth function within the totalitarian temperament of her father's home involving a crisis with religious and domestic issues to explore the allegorical slant of the text as the growth and development of Nigeria is calibrated via the growth process of the protagonist.

Genesis of Peace Education in an Era of Xenophobia and Terrorism: The Case of Africa
by Nana Adu-Pipim Boaduo, Kazamula S. Milondzo, and Alex Adjei
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This paper provides a brief epistemological interpretation of the xenophobia and terrorism that has threatened peace in Africa and throughout the world.

Commentary: The Obama Administration - Revisiting and Reconsidering AFRICOM
by Jahi Issa and Salim Faraji
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Critical discourse suggesting that the Obama administration demilitarize AFRICOM, and thus do more to support Africa as it defends itself against instability and volatile situations.

The United States Africa Command: Security for Whom?
by Lysias Dodd Gilbert, Ufo Okeke Uzodike and Christopher Isike
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This paper examines the reasons behind the latest change in U.S. policy towards Africa culminating in the creation of AFRICOM, and argues that in spite of the declarative human security rationalisations which form part of the basis for its establishment, AFRICOM is really more about addressing American security requirements than redressing Africa's developmental challenges.

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Public notices on: the JPAS call for papers on 'African Leadership Response to the U.S. Africa Command'; the Kwame Nkrumah International Conference; Leader Muammar Gaddafi at the helm of the African Union, the biography No Time to Morn by Jeanette Ndhlova, an upcoming conference hosted in the Federal Republic of Nigeria by The African Diaspora Foundation, an announcement of the Pan African Film and Arts Festival 17th annual film competition award winners, a notice of the 26th annual Ancient Kemetic (Egyptian) Studies Conference sponsored by the Association for the Study of Classical African Civilizations, and a reminder of the eleventh anniversary of the inauguration of The Eric Williams Memorial Collection at the University of the West Indies in Trinidad and Tobago.


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